Dative Particle

This lesson will cover the 'dative particle'. Not to get too fancy, this simply means they give direction to an action or mark a location or time.

For actions directed to persons or animals, '에게' or '한테' is used. In other cases, use '에'. '게' is the honorific form of '에게'. Honorific? Yeah, that just means you should use it when you're talking to someone of higher status. More on that in this lesson.

For instance, if you are going to a place, you can attach '에' to the place name to indicate that it's where you're going.

학교에 갑니다.
I'm going to school.
(school-to going.)


민희가 부산에 갑니다.
Minhee is going to Pusan.
(Minhee Pusan-to going.)


What about the '에게' and '한테'? To give a direction to a person or animal, use these. For example:

엄마에게 전화를 했습니다.
I called Mother.
(Mother-to phone did.)


원숭이한테 바나나를 주어라.
Give a banana to the monkey.
(Monkey-to banana give.)


Once again, in all other cases of an action directed at an inanimate object, use '에'.

세탁기에 넣어라.
Put it in the washer.
(washer-in put.)


창문에 손을 대지 마시오.
Please don't touch the window.
(window-to hand touch don't please.)


Or to indicate the time of an action:

세시에 수업이 끝남.
Class ends at 3 o' clock.
(3-at class ends.)


우리는 다음 주말에 놀이공원에 갈겁니다.
We're going to the amusement park next weekend.
(We next weekend-on amusement park-to will go.)


And last but not least, honorific '께':

어머님께 선물을 갖다 드려라.
Take the present to Mother.
(Mother-to present go-give.)


할아버지께 물어보세요.
Ask Grandfather.
(Grandfather-to ask-please.)